ⅠVocabulary and Structure(10points 1 point each)
1.You may use bike________ you give it back to me tomorrow morning.
- unless B. provided C. though D. because
2.He could not ________his tears on hearing that he was not admitted to the university
- hold up B. hold back C. get over D. get through
3.Good parents have the ability to communicate messages of love, trust, and self-worth ______their children
- on B. for C. with D. to
4.The teacher required that all errors should be _______eliminated before the students turn in their term paper.
- deported B. eliminated C. deprived D. implemented
5.A person is lucky if his career ________with his interest and hobby.
- concerns B. competes C. coinciders D. compares
6.Out sleep influences our mood. our mood, ________,affects our performance.
- in return B. in vain C. in short D. in turn
7.It was ________of you not to disturb us while we were sleeping.
- considerate B. considering C. considerable D. considered
8.I’d appreciate it very much if you could make some ________on my recent article at the conference.
- requests B. references C. remarks D. restrictions
9.He is ______absorbed in his own thoughts that he seems unaware of what’s going on in the room.
- so B. each C. very D. much
10.No sooner (选C)had I reached home than Michael arrived with Jane in his car.
- did I reach B.I had reached
- had I reached D.I reached
Ⅱ.Cloze Test(10point,1 point each)
It is difficult to escape the influence of television. If you fit the statistical messages, by the age of 20 you will have been esposed___11___at least 20,000 hours of television. You can add 10,000 hours for each decade you have lived ___12___the age of 20. The only things Americans do more than them watch the television are work an sleep.
Calculate for a moment what could be done with even a part of those ____13____.Five thousand, I am sold, are what a typical college undergraduate____14____working in a bachelor’s degree. In 10,000 hours you corded have learned several lauguages fluently, you could be reading Shakespeare in the ____15____,and you could have walked around the world the world and ____16____a book about these hours.
The trouble with television is____17____it discourages concentrations. Almost anything interesting and rewarding in life____18____some constructive effort .The dultest , the least gifted of us can achieve things that seem remarkable to those____19____never concertrate on anything .But television encourages us not to make any___20___.It makes the time pass without gain.
11.A.to B. under C. for D. at
12.A.at B. from C. after D. before
13.A.decades B. hours C. years D. things
14.A.spends B. casts C. takes D. uses
15.A.origin B. beginning C. source D. original
16.A.written B. write C. wrote D. writing
17.A.what B. that C. which D. why
18.A.requests B. asks C. orders D. requires
19.A.what B. whose C. which D. who
20.A.money B. time C. effort D. skill
Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension(30point,2points each)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Michael Stadtlander set Toronto’s restarant world on fire in the 1980s with his original food, and eastablished a national and international fame. In 1994,however,he decided to leave the city restaurant scene and seek a quiet life in the country, where he has been preparing meals on his farm two hours borth of Toronto and asks guests to bring their own wine.
Not long ago, Stadlander was charged with selling liquer without a licence, He said when a guest asked for wine at a dinner in December, he provided two bottles from his private stock.But the customer turned out to be an undercover Ontario Provincial Police(OPP)officer who returned a few days later along with four armed officers to seize 83 bottles of wine,and to search the farmhouse for records. The punishment could run as high as $100,000 in fines and a year in jail.
When Mr and Mrs Smisth arrived at the farm on a weekend befre Christmas, they said that it was their annual celebrstion and asked if they could get some wine.Nobuyo,Stadtlander’s wife,told them the policy was thar guests peovide their own..
Given the occasion, though, Stadtlander agreed to provide a bottle of white wiee from own cellar,at cost,as a favor, Later, Mr Smith asked for a second bottle and a detailed receipt that included the price of thr wine.He turned out to be OPP Detective Paul Smith and “his wife,”an assistant who went as a witness.
“I was shocked,”Nobuyo Stadtlander recalls.”How could thy do this to us when we did them a favor?We sold them our wine at our cost.”.But Mr.Smith say,” No.they made $20.”
Stadtlander is determined to prove his innocence and continue the business.
“People who live in the area have been very supportive,” he says.”And when this is over,I want my wine back.”
21.Stadtlander was accused because________.
- be offered too much wine for a guest
- be asked guests to bring their own wine
- be charged too much for the wine offered
- be sold wise to his guests without a license
22.In the 1980s,Stadtlander________.
- threw his original restaurant menu into the fine
- made his restaurant well-known around the world
- sought for a quiet life in the central part of the city
- opened one resyaurant after another home and abroad.
23.IT turned out that Mr. and Mrs. Smith were________.
- two farmers
- two witnesecs C. hasbend and wife D. police officers
24.Nobuy Studtlander claimed that in the wine case they made________.
A.$1.20 B. no money C.$100,000 D. a lot of money
25.Which of the following could be used as evidence against Stadtlander?
- What Stadtlander’s wife said
- The second bottle of wine
- The records from the farmhouse.
D.A receipt with the wine price.
Questions26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
A recent study shows that sixteen out of every 100 American couoles have violent confrontations of one sort or another during the course of a year. In six of these cases there is severe kicking, biting, punching or hitting with objects. Almost four of every 100 wives are seriously beaten by their husbands. three of every 100 children are kicked or punched by their parents. More than a third of all brothers and sisters severely attack each other.
As expected, the incidence of violence is highest among the urban poor (many of them minoroties).blue-collar workers, people under 20 or without religious beliefs, families with a husband who is jobless and those with four to six children. But the study also showed that violence occurs among wealthy families as well. Indeed, the wife of a university president once quietly called Straus, one of the sociologists who conducted the study, to ask what she could do about her husband, who often beat her. Straus suggested seeking assistance from marriage advisors.
Steaus and his colleagues found out that there are various root causes that give rise to such behavior.“The reason are mixed –psychological, sociological, situational,” says Straus.“The husband, for example, may feel under particular stress because be has been out of work too long. Violence may also be an echo of the past,” Straus explains.“When Mummy gives her two-year-old a slap（巴掌）for putting something dirty in his mouth, he is learning from infancy that those who love you hit you.” Another reason may be the worsening economic situations.“If we have a real economos decline, It’s going to get worse,” economic situations.“If we have a real economic declines,it’s going to get worse,” says Gelles, one of Straus” colleagues.
These sociologists have no easy answer to violence in the American family. While they welcome such move as the opening of shelters for beaten wives and the establishment of a National Center for Child Abuse and Neglect, they belive that there must be more basic attack on vilolence,including the reduction of “macho”（大男子主义）themes on the television,the outlawing of physical punishment in schools and perhaps even the wlimination of death senernces.As Straus explains,“Volence is an acceptable solution to problems in American society,And that is how it is used in families.
26.Which of the following statements is true?
- More than a third of brothers attack sisters in American families.
- Almost four percent of husbands are seriously beaten by their wives.
- Six out of one hundred couples experience severe domestic violence.
- Six percent of American couples have some kind of domestic violence.
27.The example concerning a university president’s wife shows that_________
- domestic violence is found in well-to do families as well
- the incidence of violence is highest among urban families
- marriage advisons’ assistance is the best solution to violence
- domestic vilence exists regardless of age, race,and social status.
28.What Gelles says shows that________.
- vilence is responsible for the decline of economy
- violence may be a reflection of one’s past experience
- violence is related to the economic situation of the time
- violence is the best form of emotional release for a husband
29.The word “outlawing” in line5 of the last paragraph means________.
- making something illegal
- freeing someone from prison
- learning something from law
- throwing someone out of court
30.According to the sociologists, it is impossible to curb domestic violence unless________.
- more shelters for beateb wives are opened
- children are protected by a National Center
- violence is not accepted as a solution to problems
- Americans get tougher with violent behaviors
Qestions 31to35are based on the following passage.
American scientists are developing an “intelligent” mabile phone capable of blocking incoming calls depending on the owner’s mood., Using “context aware”
Technology the “Sensay” phone will monitor calls and send back polite messages saying the user may be contacted later.
A research team at the Institute for Complex Engineering Systems at Carragie Mellon University in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, are developing body temperature and electrical skin monitors to help the device understand the emotional state of its user. If the phone senses that the user is busy —for instance, involved in a conversation—it might block an incoming call and turn it onto voicemail. The phone would send back a text message saying the user is unavailable, but advising that id the matter is urgent the caller can try again in three minutes. If a call from the same person came in again, the phone would put it through.
The researchers are interested in four basic different states—busy and not to be interrupted, physically active, idle,and “normal.” Most people are said to change between these states,an average of 6 to 12 times a day.
Professor Asim Smailagic, a leading member of the Carnegic Mellon team, told The Engineer magazine.”Today’s computers are pretty dumb compared with the device. We got to work at the beginning of May and since then have been improving it. The next stage is to make it smarter, adding various intellingence systems so it can learn about the user. The phone also employs four primary sensons—two microphones to pick up conversations and monitor local noise.a light detector and an acceleromster（加速度计）.The light sensor shows if the phone is being carried in a bag or pocket ,while the accelerometer determines whether the user is walking,running or standing still, In the sensor box, phone is being carried in a bag or pocket, while the accelerometer determites whether the user is walking,running or standing still,In the future,the sensor box,phone and personal organizer will be combined into one device.”
31.According to the passage, the “Sensay” phone is capable of ________.
- showing body temperature
- blocking unwanted calls
- detecting the owner’s mood
- sensing the caller’s mood
32.The second paragraph mainly tells us ________.
- where the intelligent phone is developed
- how the new phone is going to function
- whether the researchers failed in their experiment
- why the researchers failed in their experiment
33.Accorfing to Professor Smailagic, the detector will show________.
- where the mobile phone is
- where the mobile phone user is
- whether the mobile phone user is busy
- whether the mobile phone is within reach
34.the word “it” in line 5 of paragraph 4 refers to________.
- the phone
- the monitor
- the computer
- the light sensor
35.The best title for this passage is ________.
- How to Tell a Person’s Mood
- How to Block Incoming Calls
- Sensay Your Personal Organizer
- Sensay The Futuer Mobile Phone
Ⅳ.Word Spelling(10points for two words)
Ⅴ.Word Form(10point each)
56.It will be interesting to see what’s going to happen at the next________(elect).
57.For those involved, the scandal has been a very________(pain)experience.
58.________(safe)needs to be improved on the railways in that country.
59.The present crisis bears some ________(similar) to the oil erisis of the 1970s.
60.His mother becomes disappointed whenever he fails to live up to her________(expect).
61.Being a ________(high) motivated lauguage learner, he takes every opportunity to improve his English.
62.Our most ________(success)product is based on a very simple idea.
63.local people are questioning the ________(wise) of spending so much money on the new road.
64.Don’t worry. This is the ________(desire)weight range for you health.
65.This scientist was awarded with several titles for his________(accomplish) in biology.
Ⅵ.Translation from Chinese into English(15points,3points each)
Ⅶ.Translation from English into Chinese(15points)
Shy people are likely to be passive and easily influenced by other. They are very sensitive t criticism. They also find it difficult to be pleased by praises because they believe they are unworthy of them. A shy person may respond to a praise with a statement like this:“You’re saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not me.”It is clear that, while self-awareness is a good quality. overdoing it is harmful.
Can shyness be completely gotten rid of ,or at least reduced? Fortunately ,people can overcome shyness with determined and patient effort in building self-confidence.
1.You may use bike (选B)provided you give it back to me tomorrow morning
2.He could not (选B)hold back his tears on hearing that he was not admitted to the university
3.Good parents have the ability to communicate messages of love, trust, and self-worth (选C)with their children
4.The teacher required that all errors should be (选B)eliminated before the students turn in their term paper.
5.A person is lucky if his career (选C)coincides with his interest and hobby.
6.Out sleep influences our mood. our mood,(选A)in return, affects our performance.
7.It was (选A)considerate of you not to disturb us while we were sleeping.
8.I’d appreciate it very much if you could make some (选C)remarks on my recent article at the conference.
9.He is (选A)so absorbed in his own thoughts that he seems unaware of what’s going on in the room.
10.No sooner (选C)had I reached home than Michael arrived with Jane in his car.
文章开头第一句话：it is difficult to escape the influence of television. If you fit the statistical averages
11.选 A to 12.C after 13.B hours 14.A spends 15.D original 16.A written 17.B that 18.D requires 19.D who 20.C effort
第一篇，文章开头第一句话：Michael Stadtlander set Toronto’s restaurant world on fire in the 1980s with original food,
21.Stadtlander was accused because 选D. he sold wine to his guests without a license
22.In the 1980s,stadtlander选B. made his restaurant menu into the fire
23.It turned out that Mr. and Mrs. Smith were 选D. police officers
24.Nobuyo Stadtlander claimed that in the wine case they made选B. no money
25.Which of the following could be used as evidence against Stadtlander?选D.A receipt with the wine price
第二篇，文章开头第一句话：A recent study shows that sixteen out of every 100 American couples have violent confrontations of one sort or another during the
26.Which of the following statements is true?选C. Six out of one hundred couples experience severe domestic violence
27.The example concerning a university president’s wife shows that选A. domestic violence is found in well-to-do families as well
28.What Gelles says shows that选C. violence is related to the economic situation of the time
29.The word “outlawing” in line 5 of the last paragraph means选A. making something illegal
30.According to the sociologists, it is impossible to curb domestic violence unless选C. violence is not accepted as a solution to probblems
第三篇，文章开头第一句话：American scientists are developing an “intelligent” mobile phone capable of blocking calls depending on the owner mood
- According to the passage, the “Sensay” phone is capable of选C.…the owner’s mood
32.Second paragraph mainly tells us选B.…the new phone is going to function QQ 1031010648
33.According to professor Smailagic ,the light detector will show选A. where the mobile phone is.
- The word “it” in line 5 of paragraph 4 refers to选A. the phone
35.The best title for this passage is选D. Sensay: The Future Mobile phone
56 election 57 painful 58 safety 59 similarities 60 expectation
61 highly 62 successful 63 wisdom 64 desired 65 accomplishment
66尽管有困难，他们始终还是把工作完成了。They finally finished the job in spite of the difficulty.
67这次会议在促进两国友谊方面起了重要作用。This conference plays an important role in pormoting the relationship between the two countries.
68他长久以来梦想着成为一名足球运动员。He has been dreaming of being a football player.
69在过去的20年中，用于科学实验的动物数量大大减少了。In the past twentieth century, the number of animals for experiment greatly reduced.
70这次英语考试比我们预想的要容易得多。The English test was much easier than we had expected.